Drones are unmanned aerial vehicles. They are remote controlled and others can fly autonomously. Commonly classified as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), they rely on artificial intelligent technology to complete missions. Drones are equipped with state of the art technology. They are fitted with infra-red cameras, GPS trackers, magnetometer and LED light indicators and gyroscope technology devices. Drones are installed with operating windows and sensors which make them easy to control. Drones were developed by military IT experts for policing and surveillance purpose, (Benjamin, 2014). In the 21st century, the use of drones has expanded rapidly.
Background of drone technology
The use of drones for military functions started in the 19th century. At this time drones were mostly used to train military personnel on antiaircraft techniques. These drones were launched from a station to transport bombs. They were used once. Most of them exploded after launching designated missiles and bombs. Today, the United States Air force has successfully pioneered the effective use of drones. The military is able to successfully sent drones to high risk flying war zones, (Nijhout, 2003).
Thomas 2014, argues that military use of drone has demonstrated the possibility of carrying out high risk operations with zero aircrew casualties. The drones don?t just carry payloads; they can be instructed to hit a specific target in a busy market, take photos and retrieve within a few seconds. Drones seem to have a bright future in combating terrorism and in engaging in more difficult tasks such as air-to-air combat missions.
The use of drones has extended to civilian use. Actually, individuals are buying more drones than military organizations. Most individuals would like to own a drone for agricultural and commercial purposes. The use of drones is likely to extend in journalism and recreational fields through the introduction of drone racing.
Drones rely on a comprehensive use of intelligent unmanned aerial vehicle systems (IUVS), the incorporation of advanced computer applications, Radar technologies and communication devices for achieving safer and more efficient aerial mobility.
Benjamin,W.T.(2014).The Future of Violence. Robots and Drones. Merrywalks: Amberley publishing Limited.
Nijhout, H.F. (2003). Developmental instability. Causes and Consequences. New York: oxford university press
Thomas, C.K.(2014). UK Communicationstrategies for Afghanistan,2001-2014.London: Routledge publishers.